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Science

Key Stage 3 Science

In Key Stage 3 Science, Years 7 and 8 students follow a two year course. Year 7 students will follow a new course based on the National Curriculum changes which take effect from September 2014. Year 8 students will continue to follow the Exploring Science scheme of learning. Each term students will study one of three units which include Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Students are assessed by end of unit tests, levelled/banded assessments as well as an end of year exam. The course is differentiated to cater for the needs of all students at Holyhead.

Overview of topics taught at KS3

Year 7

Biology

Chemistry

Physics

B1: Cells and organisation

   

B2: The skeletal and muscular system

B3: Nutrition and digestion

   

B4: The gas exchange system

  

B5:  Health

       
        

C1:  The particulate matter of nature

 

C2:  Pure and impure substances

  

C3:  Earth Science

     

C4:  Acids and alkalis

     

P1:  Describing motion

P2: Forces

   

P3:  Pressure

  

P4: Observed waves

 

P5:  Light

   

P6:  Sound

   

 

Year 8

Biology

Chemistry

Physics

8A:  Food and Digestion

8B:   Respiration

9B:   Fitness and Health

8C:   Microbes and Disease

7C:   Ecology matters

7D + 8D:  Classification and extinction

7F:  Bubbles, bangs and burning

8F:  Materials and Recycling

8G:  All that Glitters

9F:  Reactivity of Metals

9G:  Cleaning up (Pollution)

9H:  Flying materials (polymers/plastics)

7K & 8J:  Forces and Magnets

9K:  Speed

9L:   Pressure

8K:   Light

8L:  Sound

 

Key Stage 4 Science

Students have the option to study either Core Science (1 GCSE), Core and Additional Science (2 GCSEs) or from this Triple Sciences (3 GCSEs) depending on their pathway and personal preference.

GCSE Core Science (1 GCSE) completed during Year 9 and 10

This course covers all aspects of a basic science education at Level 2.  This course on its own will not allow students to move onto Level 3 courses such as A levels in Biology, Chemistry and Physics.  Students begin Core Science in Year 9 and depending on whether they have opted for single, double or triple Science will determine how much of this course is covered in Year 9.  This course is the foundation for either Additional Science or Triple Science

There are 3 teaching units and 1 controlled assessment in Core Science.

Examination board

AQA

Method of examination

75% - assessed by structured question tests in June of Year 11

There are 2 tiers: higher (grades A*- D), and foundation (grades C – G)

Internal Coursework

25% - controlled assessment, performed in class

Aims

  • to develop a critical approach to scientific evidence
  • to explore the implications of science for society
  • to develop the scientific literacy needed by every citizen

Subject content

Biology 1

  • Microorganisms, health and protection.
  • Effects of environmental changes
  • Drug performance and problems

Chemistry 1       

  • The atom and the periodic table
  • Extraction metals by oxidation and electrolysis
  • Oils, fuels and properties

Physics 1

  • Waves and their properties
  • Energy
  • Forces

 

As already mentioned above, it would be difficult to go on to study science at Level 3 with just this science qualification. So if wishing to study A level Biology, Chemistry and/or Physics students will need to also study additional science or triple science. These GCSEs are explained in more detail next.

GCSE Additional Science (follow on course to Core Science: 1 GCSE) completed in Year 10 and 11

This course will be begun in Year 10, once students have finished studying Core Science, and be continued in Year 11.  Overall students will end up with 2 GCSE grades in Science at the end of Year 11, one for Core Science and one for Additional Science.  Students who may wish to study A levels in Science such as Biology, Chemistry and or Physics will need to study either Core and Additional Science or Triple Science.

 

There are 3 teaching units and 1 controlled assessment in Additional Science, in addition to those for Core Science.

Examination board

AQA

Method of examination

75% - assessed by structured question tests in June of Year 11.

There are 2 tiers: higher (grades A*- D), and foundation (grades C – G)

Internal Coursework

25% - controlled assessment, performed in class

Aims

  • To explore, explain, theorise and model in science
  • To develop a critical approach to scientific evidence

Subject content

  • Animal and plant tissues, organs and systems
  • Human genetics
  • Organisms and their environments
  • Anaerobic and aerobic respiration
  • Chemistry 2
  • Formulae of ionic compounds
  • Thermosetting and thermo softening polymers
  • Fullerenes
  • Metal extraction and electroplating
  • Physics 2
  • Elasticity and Hooke’s law
  • Gravitational potential energy
  • Light emitting diodes
  • Atomic structure and radioactivity

 

GCSE Triple Sciences (3 GCSEs in Biology, Chemistry and Physics) completed over Year 9, 10 and 11

This course will be taken over three years and students will end up with 3 separate GCSE grades in Biology, Chemistry and Physics at the end of Yr11.  Students who may wish to study A levels in Science such as Biology, Chemistry and or Physics will need to study either Core and Additional Science or Triple Science. This course covers the same units as Core Science (Biology 1, Chemistry 1 and Physics 1) and Additional Science (Biology 2, Chemistry 2 and Physics 2) plus three additional units, Biology 3, Chemistry 3 and Physics 3. 

 

There are 3 extra teaching units and 1 controlled assessment in addition to those covered in Core Science and Additional Science.

Examination board

AQA

Method of examination

75% - assessed by structured question tests in June of Year 11.

There are 2 tiers: higher (grades A*- D), and foundation (grades C – G)

Internal Coursework

25% -controlled assessment, performed in class, for each of Biology, Chemistry and Physics

Aims

GCSE Biology gives students the opportunity to gain a good understanding of:

 

  • human biology
  • organisms
  • evolution
  • environment

GCSE Chemistry gives students the opportunity to gain a good understanding of:

 

  • the nature of substances and how they react together
  • how Chemistry is used in business and industry
  • how our use of raw materials in fuels and manufacturing can affect the global and local environment
  • the use and transfer of energy

GCSE Physicsoffers students the opportunity to gain a good understanding of:

 

  • waves, radiation and space
  • the application of Physics

Subject content

 

Biology 3  

  • Movement of molecules in and out of cells
  • Transport systems in plants and animals
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans and their environment
  • Chemistry 3
  • The periodic table
  • Water
  • Further analysis and quantitative chemistry
  • The production of ammonia
  • Alcohols, carboxylic acids and esters

 

Physics 3       

  • Medical applications of physics
  • Using physics to make things work
  • Keeping things moving

 

Key Stage 5 Science

AQA Biology A level

Assessment structure – all examinations are only available in the summer term

AS Biology

Unit 1 Biology and disease

5 – 7 short answer questions plus 2 longer questions (a short comprehension and a structured question requiring continuous prose)

1 hour 15 minutes

33.3% of the total AS marks

Unit 2 The variety of living organisms

5 – 7 short answer questions plus 2

longer questions involving the handling of data and How Science Works

1 hour 45 minutes

46.7% of the total AS marks

Unit 3 Internal Assessment Investigative and practical skills in AS Biology

Practical Skills Assessment (PSA – 6 raw marks)

Investigative Skills Assignment (ISA – 44 raw marks)

20% of total AS marks

A2 Biology

Unit 4 Populations and environment

6 – 9 short answer questions plus 2

longer questions involving continuous prose and How Science Works

1 hour 30 minutes

16.7% of the total A Level marks

Unit 5 Control in cells and in organisms

8 – 10 short answer questions plus 2 longer questions (a data-handling question and a synoptic essay - choice of 1 out of 2)

2 hours 15 minutes

23.3% of the total A Level marks

Unit 6 Internal Assessment Investigative and practical skills in A2 Biology

Practical Skills Assessment (PSA – 6 raw marks)

Investigative Skills Assignment (ISA – 44 raw marks)

10% of the total A Level marks

 

Overview of topics taught at AS

BIOL1 Biology and disease

BIOL2 The variety of living organisms

 

Unit 1 is made up of the following topics:

  • Causes of disease
  • Enzymes and the digestive system
  • Cells and movement in and out of them
  • Lungs and lung disease
  • The heart and heart disease
  • Immunity

 

Unit 2 is made up of the following topics:

  • Variation
  • DNA and meiosis
  • Genetic diversity
  • The variety of life
  • The cell cycle
  • Cellular organisation
  • Exchange and transport
  • Classification
  • Evidence for relationships between organisms
  • Adaptation and selection
  • Biodiversity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overview of topics taught at A2

BIOL4 Populations and environment

BIOL5 Control in cells and in organisms

 

Unit 4 is made up of the following topics:

  • Populations
  • ATP
  • Photosynthesis
  • Respiration
  • Energy and ecosystems
  • Nutrient cycles
  • Ecological succession
  • Inheritance and selection

 

Unit 5 is made up of the following topics:

  • Response to stimuli
  • Coordination
  • Muscle contraction
  • Homeostasis
  • Feedback mechanisms
  • Genetic control of protein structure and function
  • Control of gene expression
  • DNA technology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AQA Chemistry A level

Assessment structure – all examinations are only available in the summer term

AS Chemistry

Unit 1 Foundation Chemistry

4 – 6 short answer questions plus

1 – 2 longer structured question(s).

1 hour 15 minutes

33 1/3% of the total AS marks

Unit 2 Chemistry In Action

6 – 8 short answer questions plus

2 longer structured questions

1 hour 45 minutes

46 2/3% of the total AS marks

Unit 3 Internal Assessment Investigative and practical skills in AS Chemistry

Practical Skills Assessment (PSA – 12 raw marks)

Investigative Skills Assignment (ISA – 38 raw marks)

20% of total AS marks

A2 Chemistry

Unit 4 Kinetics, Equilibria and Organic Chemistry

6 – 8 short answer questions plus

2 – 3 structured questions. Some of the questions will have synoptic elements.

1 hour 45 minutes

20% of the total A Level marks

Unit 5 Energetics, Redox and Inorganic Chemistry

6 – 8 short answer questions plus 2 – 3 longer structured questions. Some of the questions will have synoptic elements.

1 hour 45 minutes

20% of the total A Level marks

Unit 6 Internal Assessment Investigative and practical skills in A2 Chemistry

Practical Skills Assessment (PSA – 12 raw marks)

Investigative Skills Assignment (ISA – 38 raw marks)

10% of the total A Level marks

 

Overview of topics taught at AS

CHEM1 Foundation Chemistry

CHEM2 Chemistry In Action

 

Unit 1 is made up of the following topics:

  • Atomic Structure
  • Amount of Substance
  • Bonding
  • Periodicity
  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry
  • Alkanes

 

Unit 2 is made up of the following topics:

  • Energetics
  • Kinetics
  • Equilibria
  • Redox Reactions
  • Group 7(17), the Halogens
  • Group 2, the Alkaline Earth Metals
  • Extraction of Metals
  • Haloalkanes
  • Alkenes
  • Alcohols
  • Analytical Techniques

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overview of topics taught at A2

CHEM4 Kinetics, Equilibria and Organic Chemistry

CHEM5 Energetics, Redox and Inorganic Chemistry

 

Unit 4 is made up of the following topics:

  • Kinetics  
  • Equilibria
  • Acids and Bases
  • Nomenclature and Isomerism in Organic Chemistry
  • Compounds Containing the Carbonyl Group
  • Aromatic Chemistry
  • Amines
  • Amino Acids
  • Polymers
  • Organic Synthesis and Analysis
  • Structure Determination

 

Unit 5 is made up of the following topics:

  • Thermodynamics
  • Periodicity  
  • Redox Equilibria
  • Transition Metals
  • Reactions of Inorganic Compounds in Aqueous Solution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AQA Physics (A) A level

Assessment structure – all examinations are only available in the summer term

AS Physics

Unit 1 Particles, quantum phenomena and electricity

6 or 7 structured questions

1¼ hours

40% of the total AS marks

Unit 2 Mechanics, materials and waves

6 or 7 structured questions

1¼ hours

40% of the total AS marks

Unit 3 Internal Assessment Investigative and practical skills in AS Physics

Practical Skills Assignment (PSA – 9 raw marks)

Investigative Skills Assignment (ISA – 41 raw marks)

20% of total AS marks

A2 Physics

Unit 4 Fields and further mechanics

Section A is 25 multiple choice questions, each worth one mark.

Section B is a written paper of 4/5 structured questions and consists of 50 marks.

1¾ hours

20% of the total A Level marks

Unit 5 Nuclear and Thermal Physics and Turning Points in Physics

Section A: Nuclear and Thermal Physics – 4/5 structured questions and 40 marks

Section B: D – Turning Points in Physics - 4/5 structured questions and 35 marks

1¾ hours

20% of the total A Level marks (Section A 10%, Section B 10%)

Unit 6 Internal Assessment Investigative and practical skills in A2 Physics

Practical Skills Assignment (PSA – 9 raw marks)

Investigative Skills Assignment (ISA – 41 raw marks)

10% of the total A Level marks

 

Overview of topics taught at AS

  1. PHYA1 Particles, quantum phenomena and electricity

2.   PHYA2 Mechanics, materials and waves

 

Unit 1 is made up of the following topics:

  • Particles and Radiation
  • Electromagnetic Radiation and Quantum Phenomena
  • Current Electricity

 

Unit 2 is made up of the following topics:

  • Mechanics
  • Materials
  • Waves

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overview of topics taught at A2

PHYA4  Fields and further mechanics

PHA5D  Nuclear and Thermal Physics and Turning Points in Physics

 

Unit 4 is made up of the following topics:

  • Further Mechanics 
  • Gravitation 
  • Electric fields
  • Capacitance
  • Magnetic fields

 

Unit 5 is made up of the following topics:

  • Radioactivity
  • Nuclear Energy 
  • Thermal Physics
  • The discovery of the Electron 
  • Wave Particle Duality
  • Special Relativity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edexcel BTEC Applied Science

Overview of Year 12

In Year 12 students will study units towards the Level 3 BTEC Certificate in Applied Science which is broadly equivalent to 1 GCE AS Level.

Note: all units are assessed by 100% coursework.

 

Unit title

Description of content

Unit 1

Fundamentals of science

You will understand the quantities involved in chemical reactions, structures in biological systems, understand types of energy and their inter-conversions and extend understanding of electricity and electromagnetic radiation.

Unit 2

Working in the Science industry

You will learn about how procedures are followed and information passed on in the laboratory. You will understand the design of a workplace with respect to its efficiency, effectiveness, safety and security.

Unit 4

Scientific practical techniques

You will be able to formulate a relevant hypothesis and plan an investigation relevant to the area of study and understand the scientific principles involved in the investigation and be able to undertake the planned investigation.

 

Overview of Year 13

In Year 13 you will extend your work towards the Level 3 BTEC Subsidiary Diploma in Applied Science with 3 further units which is broadly equivalent to 1 GCE A level.

Note: all units are assessed by 100% coursework.

 

Unit title

Description  of content

Unit 11

Physiology of human body systems

Explores the role of homeostasis and how our body systems work together enabling us to function as complete organisms. There are a range of jobs connected with body systems such as; nursing, physiotherapy, cytology screening and hospital biochemistry.

Unit 13

Biochemistry & biochemical techniques

Provides an insight into chemical reactions that allow organisms on the planet to survive. One part of a biochemist’s job is to identify chemicals using laboratory techniques to determine their structure. Biochemistry overlaps with other areas of study such as pharmacology, physiology and clinical chemistry.

Unit 22

Chemical laboratory techniques

Allows you to develop a better understanding of how new chemicals, such as pharmaceutical drugs, are made, tested on an industrial scale. You will experience the laboratory techniques used by chemists and their application by a range of industries, such as Forensics.

 

Assessment criteria

  • Distinction*  is equivalent to 1 A2 grade A* (140 UCAS points)
  • Distinction is equivalent to 1 A2 grade A (120 UCAS points)
  • Merit is equivalent to 1 A2 grade C (80 UCAS points)
  • Pass is equivalent to 1 A2 grade E (40 UCAS points)